Sunday, November 19, 2006

List of racial discriminations in Malaysia

Khairy started the marginalisation argument. He said the Malays in Balik Pulau, Penang is marginalised. Then, Lee Kuan Yew said that Chinese in Malaysia is systematically marginalised. Lim Guan Eng added into the "war" when he said,

"In fact Kuan Yew is half-right in that it is not only that the Chinese are marginalized. The Indians, poor Malays and bumis from East Malaysia are also marginalized."

Hishamuddin denies this. In the UMNO assembly meeting he said there is no solid proof that the non-malays are being marginalised in this country. Who's telling the truth? I think we should let the facts speak. after all, "facts speak louder than words". This is what my housemate found when he was doing his Moral assignment.

List of racial discriminations (Malaysia):

(1) Out of all the 5 major banks, only one bank is multi-racial, the rest are controlled by malays

(2) 99% of Petronas directors are malays

(3) 3% of Petronas employees are Chinese

(4) 99% of 2000 Petronas gasoline stations are owned by malays

(5) 100% all contractors working under Petronas projects must be bumis status

(6) 0% of non-malay staffs is legally required in malay companies. But there must be 30% malay staffs in Chinese companies.

(7) 5% of all new intake for government police, nurses, army, is non-malays.

(8) 2% is the present Chinese staff in Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF), drop from 40% in 1960

(9) 2% is the percentage of non-malay government servants in Putrajaya. But malays make up 98%

(10) 7% is the percentage of Chinese government servants in the whole government (in 2004), drop from 30% in 1960

(11) 95% of government contracts are given to malays

(12) 100% all business licensees are controlled by malay government e.g. Taxi permits, Approved permits, etc

(13) 80% of the Chinese rice millers in Kedah had to be sold to malay controlled Bernas in 1980s. Otherwise, life is make difficult for Chinese rice millers

(14) 100 big companies set up, owned and managed by Chinese Malaysians were taken over by government, and later managed by malays since 1970s e.g. UTC, UMBC, MISC, etc

(15) At least 10 Chinese owned bus companies (throughout Malaysia, throughout 40 years) had to be sold to MARA or other malay transport companies due to rejection by malay authority to Chinese application for bus routes and rejection for their application for new buses

(16) 2 Chinese taxi drivers were barred from driving in Johor Larkin bus station. There are about 30 taxi drivers and 3 are Chinese in October 2004. Spoiling taxi club properties was the reason given

(17) 0 non-malays are allowed to get shop lots in the new Muar bus station (November 2004)

(18) 8000 billions ringgit is the total amount the government channeled to malay pockets through ASB, ASN, MARA, privatisation of government agencies, Tabung Haji etc, through NEP over 34 years period

(19) 48 Chinese primary schools closed down since 1968 - 2000

(20) 144 Indian primary schools closed down since 1968 - 2000

(21) 2637 malay primary schools built since 1968 - 2000

(22) 2.5% is government budget for Chinese primary schools. Indian schools got only 1%, malay schools got 96.5%

(23) While a Chinese parent with RM1000 salary (monthly) cannot get school-text-book-loan, a malay parent with RM2000 salary is eligible

(24) 10 all public universities vice chancellors are malays

(25) 5% - the government universities lecturers of non-malay origins had been reduced from about 70% in 1965 to only 5% in 2004

(26) Only 5% is given to non-malays for government scholarships over 40 years

(27) 0 Chinese or Indians were sent to Japan and Korea under “Look East Policy”

(28) 128 STPM Chinese top students could not get into the course that they aspired i.e. Medicine (in 2004)

(29) 10% place for non-bumi students for MARA science schools beginning from year 2003, but only 7% are filled. Before that it was 100% malays

(30) 50 cases whereby Chinese and Indian Malaysians, are beaten up in the National Service program in 2003

(31) 25% is Malaysian Chinese population in 2004, drop from 45% in 1957

(32) 7% is the present Malaysian Indians population (2004), a drop from 12% in 1957

(33) 2 millions Chinese Malaysians had emigrated to overseas since 40 years ago

(34) 0.5 million Indian Malaysians had emigrated to overseas

(35) 3 millions Indonesians had migrated into Malaysia and became Malaysian citizens with bumis status.

(36) 600000 are the Chinese and Indian Malaysians with red IC and were rejected repeatedly when applying for citizenship for 40 years. Perhaps 60% of them had already passed away due to old age. This shows racism of how easily Indonesians got their citizenships compare with the Chinese and Indians

(37) 5% - 15% discount for a malay to buy a house, regardless whether the malay is rich or poor

(38) 2% is what Chinese new villages get compare with 98% of what malay villages got for rural development budget

(39) 50 road names (at least) had been changed from Chinese names to other names

(40) 1 Dewan Gan Boon Leong (in Malacca) was altered to other name (e.g. Dewan Serbaguna or sort) when it was being officially used for a few days. Government try to shun Chinese names. This racism happened in around year 2000 or sort

(41) 0 temples/churches were built for each housing estate. But every housing estate got at least one mosque/surau built

(42) 3000 mosques/surau were built in all housing estates throughout Malaysia since 1970. No temples, no churches are required to be built in housing estates

(43) 1 Catholic church in Shah Alam took 20 years to apply to be constructed. But told by malay authority that it must look like a factory and not look like a church. Still not yet approved in 2004

(44) 1 publishing of Bible in Iban language banned (in 2002)

(45) 0 of the government TV stations (RTM1, RTM2, TV3) are directors of non-malay origins

(46) 30 government produced TV dramas and films always showed that the bad guys had Chinese face, and the good guys had malay face. You can check it out since 1970s. Recent years, this tendency becomes less

(47) 10 times, at least, malays (especially Umno) had threatened to massacre the Chinese Malaysians using May 13 since 1969

(48) 20 constituencies won by DAP would not get funds from the government to develop. Or these Chinese majority constituencies would be the last to be developed

(49) 100 constituencies (parliaments and states) had been racistly re-delineated so Chinese voters were diluted that Chinese candidates, particularly DAP candidates lost in election since 1970s

(50) Only 3 out of 12 human rights items are ratified by Malaysia government since 1960

(51) 0 - elimination of all forms of racial discrimination (UN Human Rights) is not ratified by Malaysia government since 1960s

(52) 20 reported cases whereby malay ambulance attendances treated Chinese patients inhumanely, and malay government hospital staffs purposely delay attending to Chinese patients in 2003. Unreported cases may be 200

(53) 50 cases each year whereby Chinese, especially Chinese youths being beaten up by malay youths in public places. We may check at police reports provided the police took the report, otherwise there will be no record

(54) 20 cases every year whereby Chinese drivers who accidentally knocked down malays were seriously assaulted or killed by malays

(55) 12% is what ASB/ASN got per annum while banks fixed deposit is only about 3.5% per annum

There are hundreds more racial discriminations in Malaysia to add to this list of “colossal” racism. It is hope that the victims of racism will write in to expose racism.

Malaysia government should publish statistics showing how much malays had benefited from the “special rights” of malays and at the same time tell the statistics of how much other minority races are being discriminated.

Hence, the responsibility lies in the Malaysia government itself to publish unadulterated statistics of racial discrimination.

If the Malaysia government hides the statistics above, then there must be some evil doings, immoral doings, shameful doings and sinful doings, like the Nazi, going on onto the non-malays of Malaysia.

Civilized nation, unlike evil Nazi, must publish statistics to show its treatment on its minority races. This is what Malaysia must publish……….

We are asking for the publication of the statistics showing how “implementation of special rights of malays” had inflicted colossal racial discrimination onto non-malays.

This article was originally posted in


Laptop ----> pendrive

My laptop is gone. In fact it never was up for grab in the Investment Game. When I consulted Mr. Ng on Tuesday, he told me that Acer sponsored a laptop for this Game. Since then, I was targeting for the laptop. However Mr. David decided to cash out the laptop since its worth more than the first prize.

Till now, i still can't get over the disappointment of not qualifying for the Game. Perhaps this is one of my weaknesses - overconfident. Moneywise, it's worth for me to participate in this investment game. I pay RM5(registration fee) and get a t-shirt, a free meal and a pen drive. However effort-wise, the IRR is lesser than my required rate of return!

Right now my "study engine" had definitely warmed up. Next week will be my study leave. For this semester, everybody is aiming GPA 4.0 since there is only one single subject to be taken care of. I'm not that greedy, I just wanna maintain my current CGPA. Hopefully this time I could turn things around.


Saturday, November 11, 2006

The concept of bumiputera and non-bumiputera in Malaysia context(must read!)

First, let me clarify something. This piece of work is not done by me. It is a moral group assignment by my housemate. The group members include :
Phua Pei Fang(leader)
Low Shu Yun
Ng Jun Hui
Oh Jia Hao
Lim Keong Loong

This is by far the best assignment I have ever come across(including assignments in English) in UTAR. A must read recommendation by me. However our Moral Lecturer is a bumiputera. If one of the group members fails this subject, I will not be surprised. Lol.

Assignment question :
Wajarkah konsep bumiputera dan bukan bumiputera diwujudkan dalam konteks Negara Malaysia. Bincangkan situasi tersebut dari perspektif teori teleologi (egoisme) dan teori deontologi (eksistensialisme).

Teori Egoisme
Teori teleologi adalah teori yang menilai sesuatu perbuatan sama ada baik (wajar) atau tidak baik (tidak wajar) berdasarkan kapada nilai instrumentalnya. Sesuatu perbuatan atau tindakan dianggap bermoral jika jumlah kebaikan atau faedah yang dihasilkan melebihi kejahatan. Egoisme adalah salah satu jenis teori teleologi yang memegang prinsip bahawa seseorang itu mestilah melakukan sesuatu perbuatan yang bermatlamat memberikan faedah kepada diri sendiri. Oleh itu, setiap perbuatan dan kesannya memberi keuntangan dan faedah kepada diri sendiri adalah sesuatu perbuatan yang baik dan sesuatu perbuatan yang buruk jika merugikan diri sendiri.

Dari perspektif teori teleology (egoisme), konsep bumiputera dan bukan bumiputera tidak wajar diwujudkan dalam konteks Negara Malaysia. Ini kerana egoisme biasanya mementingkan diri sendiri sahaja dan tidak mengambil kira kepentingan orang lain, menindas dan mengeksploitasi orang lain. Selain itu, egoisme tidak mengutamakan kemurahan hati tetapi sentiasa mengejar kepentingan diri sendiri. Kita telah mencapai kemerdekaan selama 50 tahun, taraf hidup kita telah bertambah baik. Kemakmuran dan kesejahteraan yang kita capai selama ini adalah hasil kerjasama erat sesama kaum dan sikap saling faham-memahami antara satu sama lain. Namun begitu, masih ada golongan yang enggan menerima hakikat hidup bersama. Mereka lebih rela memencilkan diri dan memaksa orang lain mengikut fahaman sempit mereka. Sikap ini tidak akan membantu dalam mewujudkan masyarakat Malaysia yang berasaskan kepada perasaan saling mempercayai, tolong-menolong dan hidup dengan harmoni. Kita tidak ingin melihat kaum-kaum tertentu diperlekehkan atas dasar diskriminasi kaum dan agama.

Bangsa bukan Melayu, khususnya generasi yang lahir selepas Merdeka menganggap Malaysia adalah tanahair mereka secara ikhlas dan jujur. Di sinilah bumi dipijak dan langit dijunjung. Mereka turut membangunkan ekonomi, politik, sosial dan pembangunan negara ini secara keseluruhannya bersama-sama kaum lain. Mereka tidak menolak istilah Melayu atau bukan Melayu. Itu istilah etnik yang telah sedia ada selama ini. Mereka hanya tidak dapat menerima istilah bumiputera dan bukan bumiputera. Istilah bumiputera telah diperluaskan penggunaannya bersama perlaksanaan Dasar Ekonomi Baru sejak tahun 1970. Istilah bumiputera itu membawa kesan pembezaan yang nyata. Ia menjadikan seolah-olah bukan bumiputera seperti orang-orang Cina, India dan lain-lain sebagai rakyat kelas kedua di Malaysia.

Manakala bagi pihak lain, sesetengah golongan minoriti Melayu yang masih belum dapat menerima hakikat bahawa bangsa lain juga warganegara yang sama taraf dan sama hak dan tanggungjawabnya dengan mereka dari segi undang-undang dan Perlembagaan Negara. Segolongan kecil minoriti Melayu masih menganggap konsep ketuanan Melayu adalah realiti, sesuatu yang betul wujud dan bukannya ilusi. Mereka masih menganggap Malaysia ini sebagai Tanah Melayu dan hak kepunyaan eksklusif orang Melayu. Sebaliknya, orang lain dianggap sebagai orang asing. Justeru itu, mereka menganggap istilah bumiputera itu perlu dikekalkan. Ini adalah berkaitkan dengan kedudukan keistimewaan orang Melayu seperti yang dijamin dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Perlembagaan ini membenarkan kebebasan beragama namun ia telah mengiktiraf Islam sebagai agama rasmi Malaysia. Untuk meningkatkan taraf hidup orang Melayu, pihak kerajaan sentiasa menyediakan bantuan kewangan kepada pelbagai institusi Islam dan organisasi-organisasi Islam. Secara tidak langsung, kerajaan kurang memberi perhatian dan bantuan kewangan kepada bangsa lain. Konsep bumiputera dan bukan bumiputera tidak boleh selamanya mengeksploitasi orang lain tetapi mesti mengamalkan sikap tolak-ansur untuk kebaikan bersama.

Soal kedudukan istimewa Melayu yang disalurkan melalui mendiang Dasar Ekonomi Baru (DEB) yang masih diteruskan atas nama Dasar Pembangunan Nasional (DPN) sejak berakhirnya tempoh dasar yang mendahulukan orang Melayu itu diperkenalkan pada tahun 1970. Dasar Ekonomi Baru, disusuli dengan Dasar Pembangunan Negara telah berjaya menghasilkan golongan profesional, saintis dan teknologis di kalangan bumiputera. Jumlah profesional bumiputera berada di tahap 21 peratus pada tahun 1990 telah meningkat ke paras 30 peratus pada akhir tahun 2002. Orang Melayu yang semakin makmur hidup berbanding 30 tahun lalu, agenda mereka bukan lagi untuk keluar dari perangkap kemiskinan tetapi ingin menikmati kemewahan, kemakmuran dan bergaya dari kaum-kaum lain. Keadaan ini mungkin mengakibatkan manusia sentiasa berperang dan tidak tenteram.

Dalam masa yang sama kemiskinan, kemunduran, lemah, daif dan terbiar juga berlaku di kalangan bangsa lain di negara ini, terutamanya orang-orang Asli. Mereka juga perlu diberi perhatian dan dibantu. Kaum Cina dan India yang miskin di kampung-kampung baru dan di estet-estet serta Orang Asli di pendalaman, mengalami kemunduran seperti kaum Melayu di luar bandar dan di kawasan setinggan di kota besar. Sengsara dan deritanya adalah sama tanpa mengira kaum dan agama. Pada keseluruhannya, konsep bumiputera dan bukan bumiputera tidak wajar diwujudkan mengikut teori egoisme. Walau bagaimanapun, konsep bumiputera telah lama tertera dalam Perlembagaan Negara. Sekiranya kedudukan istimewa itu diteruskan, ia mesti ditegakkan atas prinsip keadilan. Ini bermakna kedudukan keistimewaan orang Melayu mesti digunakan untuk tujuan tulen membantu orang Melayu yang benar miskin, lemah, daif dan terbiar. Sebaliknya, kedudukan keistimewaan itu tidak sepatutnya dijadikan lesen atau permit untuk mengkayarayakan segelintir orang Melayu.

Teori Eksistensialisme
Seperti teori teleologi, teori deontologi terdiri daripada pandangan dan konsep yang berbeza. Teori deontologi membuat penilaian serta pertimbangan terhadap sesuatu perkara sama ada wajar atau tidak wajar berdasarkan nilai intrinsic. Eksistensialisme juga dikenali sebagai etika situasi. Etika situasi menilaikan sesuatu perbuatan atau kelakuan sama ada wajar atau tidak wajar berdasarkan penilaian situasi atau keadaan pada waktu tersebut. Ahli falsafah eksistensialisme adalah seperti Soren Kierkegaars, Martin Heidegger, Karl Jaspers, Gabriel Marcel dan Jean paul Sartre. Sartre dianggap paling terkenal dengan falsafah Eksistensialisme. Sartre mengemukakan hujah mengenai eksistensialisme dalam bukunya “Being and Nothingness” bahawa manusia bebas melakukan apa sahaja dianggap betul dan sesuai dengan keadaan pada waktu tersebut, apa yang dilakukan adalah bergantung kepada diri manusia itu sendiri.

Peristiwa 13 Mei meninggalkan banyak kesan terhadap politik, ekonomi dan sosial masyarakat Malaysia. Oleh itu, kerajaan melancarkan Dasar Ekonomi Baru (DEB) untuk mengurangkan perasaan kurang senang ekoran daripada ketidakseimbangan sosio-ekonomi antara kaum. Pelancaran DEB mempunyai dua matlamat utama iaitu pembasmian kemiskinan 'tanpa mengira kaum,' dan penyusunan semula masyarakat Malaysia. DEB menekankan penglibatan kaum Melayu atau Bumiputera dalam kegiatan ekonomi moden dan yang bertapak di bandar Ini bertujuan untuk menyimbangkan kedudukan dan penyertaan semua kaum dalam sektor ekonomi. Faedah yang dinikmati oleh kaum Melayu atau Bumiputera semenjak pelancaran DEB meningkat , keadaan ini akan berterusan. Ini ditunjukkan apabila masyarakat bukan Melayu menyoal tentang kenyataan bahawa kaum Bumiputera masih belum mencapai ekuiti 30% yang merupakan matlamat Dasar Ekonomi Baru. Sebenarnya, kaum Bumiputera mencapai 33%, kaum Bukan Bumiputera mencapai 30%, orang asing mempunyai 25% manakala Khazanah Holdings memegang 12%. Ini bermaksud kaum Bumiputera sebenarnya telah mencapai matlamat asal Dasar Ekonomi Baru dan kerajaan tidak patut meneruskan tempoh perlaksanaan Dasar Ekonomi Baru tetapi harus mengamalkan dasar yang adil dan saksama terhadap semua kaum, dan kerajaan sepatutnya mengikut seruan bekas Perdana Menteri dan Presiden UMNO, Tun Dr Mahathir yang berkali-kali menyeru kaum Melayu untuk membuangkan tongkat demi menjadi lebih maju dan tabah dalam menghadapi cabaran. Namun demikian, Bajet 2006 masih memberi penekanan yang kuat kepada kaum Bumiputera, dan pelbagai projek pembangunan hanya diberi kepada kontraktor Bumiputera sahaja, tetapi bukan diberi berdasarkan merit syarikat kontraktor. Kerajaan tidak mengambil kira tentang keperluan dan kebajikan kaum bukan Bumiputera. Kerajaan perlu membuat sesuatu keputusan berdasarkan kesesuian waktu dengan rujukan, matlamat, maklumat lain, perancangan dan sebagainya.

Di samping itu, ketidakadilan pengambilan pelajar ke universiti awam akan menjadi punca ketidakperpaduan negara setiap tahun serta menjejaskan hasrat Malaysia mencapai matlamat Wawasan 2020 sebagai negara maju sepenuhnya dalam segala aspek politik, ekonomi, pendidikan, sosial, rohaniah dan psikologi. Pada tahun ini sebanyak 38,892 yang merangkumi 24,837 pelajar bumiputera (63.8%), 11,778 pelajar Cina (30.3%) dan 2,277 pelajar India (5.9%) sekali lagi bukannya pengecualian disebabkan penggunaan dua jenis peperiksaan yang berlainan dan secara diskriminasi bagi kemasukan ke universiti awam, iaitu peperiksaan STPM dua tahun dan matrikulasi setahun, padahal kedua-dua peperiksaan ini berlainan sama sekali dan tidak boleh dibandingkan. Perlu dijelaskan bahawa meritokrasi ala Malaysia bukan sistem meritokrasi yang sebenar; memadai dikatakan ia cuma melonggarkan kuota Melayu/Bumiputera dan seterusnya memberi lebih sedikit peluang kepada pelajar bukan Melayu untuk melanjutkan pengajian ke institusi pengajian tinggi (IPT). Kewujudan meritokrasi dalam sistem pendidikan Malaysia masih memberi keistimewaan untuk orang Melayu. Sebagai contoh, jika Ali dan Mary mendapat markah yang sama dalam STPM, maka Ali lebih layak ke universiti kerana Ali adalah orang Melayu Bumiputera. Selagi “meritokrasi ala Malaysia” diamalkan, yang merupakan peringatan kepada segenap rakyat Malaysia bahawa meritokrasi hanya wujud dari segi luaran tetapi bukan dari segi kebolehan dan kepintaran seseorang, pengambilan pelajar ke universiti awam setiap tahun akan terus menyebabkan kekecewaan peribadi, bahkan lebih serius lagi, mengakibatkan ketidakperpaduan negara. “Meritokrasi ala Malaysia” bukan sahaja tidak adil kepada pelajar bukan Melayu tetapi juga pelajar Melayu cemerlang. Bagi eksistensialisme, konsep bumiputera dan bukan bumiputera tidak wajar diwujudkan. Ini kerana, Negara kita sedang menuju ke arah kecemerlangan dalam zaman globalisasi ini. Sepatutnya, semua rakyat haruslah mencapai kejayaan dengan tekad dan usaha sendiri tanpa bantuan seperti hak istimewa. Mereka seharusnya bersaing dengan sihat demi pembangunan Negara serta ke arah perpaduan. Sebarang keputusan atau fikiran manusia berubah dari semasa ke semasa dalam merancang masa depannya demi kebaikan semua pihak. Oleh itu, manusia seharusnya mempunyai petunjuk atau rujukan yang tertentu untuk membuat keputusan.

Sebagai kesimpulannya, selagi diskriminasi wujud di minda rakyat, maka tekanan untuk menerima logik perbezaan ini akan terus kekal. Konsep bumiputera dan bukan bumiputera digunakan untuk memisahkan dan membahagikan rakyat jelata akan menghalang Malaysia berkembang sebagai sebuah negara maju dan makmur. Kerajaan harus membantu sesiapa yang lemah atau dalam kesusahan tanpa mengira kaum. Oleh kerana ini, kerjasama antara kaum amat penting dalam mewujudkan masyarakat yang berpegang kepada pinsip pengedaran kekayaan yang adil dan saksama, demokrasi, keadilan dan peningkatan rohani.


Honeymoon is over!

Yes, honeymoon is over and now things are on a faster pace. I was relatively busy with assignments for last week. This week is even busier and the following weeks will be worse. Last week I passed up an assignment regarding Disneyland Paris and this week I have another assignment on capital punishment/death penalty on drug traffickers - a very dry and bored question. My housemate, Jia Hao got a very interesting question. It’s about the bumiputera and non-bumiputera issue. I wish I was in his group, then I could have plenty to write. This is a moral subject and the assignment is in Malay. This is my second Malay assignment in UTAR and hopefully this will also be my last assignment in my life.

I have big trouble when doing this assignment. All the while I thought my Malay should be better than my English. In fact in secondary school, my Malay is better! I still remember during secondary schools when I write English essays, I would ask my teachers the translation of some vocabulary from Malay to English. Now, it’s the other way round. I couldn’t even remember some basic Malay words and my whole assignments seem like an English assignment translated into Malay. When I ask Jia Hao some very simple words, he jokingly said, “Your Malay so poor, next time how to become MP?”

Now all my assignments are done. After all there are only two assignments since I’m taking only two subjects this semester. I was very free for this semester until last week when I started doing assignments as I haven’t attended a single lecture for this semester. Next week will be week six and I have an “Investment Game”. I’m currently preparing on it. Hopefully this time round I could make it to the final. After this game, I would be preparing for my finals. When all my friends are having holiday after the finals, I need to prepare for the GMAT test. I guess I will only have around one week holiday when my new semester starts, which is also my last semester. There’s not much time for me to waste, need to tune into study mood by now.